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There are melanocyte cells under our skin that produce pigments, so they are pigmented into our skin. Due to various reasons, these melanocytes may not be produced as a result of damage to the pigment. Pigment failure results in white areas (stain) with deep, scattered and patchy boundaries. Milk is a distinct whiteness. The size of the stains varies; Point or 2-3 coins in size. This disease is called vitiligo. The most affected places in the body are hand, arm, leg, face. The incidence in the genital area is high.
Vitiligo occurs at an average of 1.5 per 100 people in the society. It is possible to say that the hereditary factors (the ones that have caught the disease in the family) are effective in the emergence of this disease. Research has shown that vitiligo is seen in 25 percent of people with this disease in their family. It is more evident in dark-colored subjects, since the disease is a disease that manifests itself in the form of whiteness. The age of emergence changes. Half of the patients have been ill before the age of 20.


The reason for the emergence of vitiligo is that the reduction of melanocyte cells that give off the color of the liver can not produce the resulting pigment. Although it is not known exactly why these cells have decreased, some theories have been produced. It is thought that melanocytes are reduced because of some disorders in the genes, destruction of the immune system, destruction of the melanocytes of the resultant body, self-destruction of these cells.


The sign of vitiligo is white patches seen as patches of the deep. Milk is white. In some cases, the entire body is whiteness. This may be whitening in the hairs on the white areas. This situation, which dark-skinned people easily notice, is the result of the sunny tan of light-skinned people. The severity and course of the disease are not the same. There may be some blackheads where the stains are. The reason for this is that there is still some pigment in that area.

Loss of pigment in vitiligo people stops after a period of illness. So the amount of pigment remains constant. Then again pigment loss may occur and continue in this way. The disease progresses and the patient can not get old coloring. It does not mean that the entire color of the deep color is changed, that the body is the only color that passes the disease. Vitiligo is ongoing.


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